July 23, 2024 | 10:46


Bizkaia breaks the trend and gains population, Bilbao does not

People enjoy the Paseo del Arenal in Bilbao on the initial day of lack of confidence.

Miguel Castillo

October 11, 2023 | 4:02 p.m.

Euskadi: growth and Demographic Recovery

Euskadi has taken a momentous turn by overcoming its recession demographic, experiencing a notable population increase after two years of decrease. In 2023, the region was home to 2.196.745 individuals, showing an improvement of 0,5% compared to previous figures. It is not just the simple fact of growth, but thorough analysis of multiple factors and the implications this phenomenon could have in the future, which requires extensive exploration.

Provincial and Municipal Breakdown

Bizkaia leads absolute growth, adding 4.810 individuals to its records. Although Gipuzkoa y alava They are not far behind, with 3.259 and 2.159 new people respectively. The expansion, however, is not distributed evenly. Bilbao leads growth among capitals with 2.029 new residents, while Vitoria y San Sebastián They follow with 1.994 and 872, respectively.

Historical Overview

Since 2003, Álava has seen a 14,4% increase in its demographic figures, contrasting with the slight fluctuations in Bilbao and San Sebastián. It is essential to emphasize that while some municipalities, such as Barakaldo y Santurtzi, have prospered, others like Getxo have experienced declines, even if smaller than in previous years.

Determining Factors: Births and Middle Age

Decrease in Births

Despite the demographic improvement, births have experienced a drop of 5,6% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2023, standing at 3.113. This suggests that population growth could be influenced by other factors, which may include migration, whether internal or international.

Rise of the Middle Ages

The average age in the region has been recorded at 45,6 years, exceeding the national average. The divergence in average age between genders is also notable, with women being 47,1 and men being 44. alava preserves an average age of 44,6 years, below the regional average, while Bizkaia reaches 46,1 years.

Euskadi Senescent Population

Euskadi and Spain

With 23,5% of its population over 65 years of age, Euskadi significantly exceeds Spain as a whole, which stands at 20,1%. The repercussions of an aging population are vast and range from impacts on the health system to socioeconomic and employment implications.

Municipalities in Detail

From a more detailed analysis, it is evident that 85 municipalities exceed the regional average in terms of population over 64 years old. In 2003, the percentage was established at 18,4%, and it is essential to understand how this demographic evolution could affect resources and policies at the municipal level.

Implications and Perspectives

Current demographic data is immersed in an ocean of implications, shaping from Government policies to the economy and social structure. Population redistribution, aging and the decline in births present a puzzle that requires meticulous and strategic planning.

Policies and Planning

Public policies They must pivot, Euskadi preparing to address the challenges that an aging population and diversity in demographic distribution could pose. From infrastructure to health services and employment strategies, the demographic metamorphosis of Euskadi calls for a review and possibly a revolution of existing policies.

Economy and Labor Market

El labor market It will need to adapt not only to an aging population but also to the emerging needs of young people. Employment policies, retirement and economic strategies face a future where the management of demographic diversity will be crucial.

In summary, the demographic growth of Euskadi It provides both a respite and a set of new challenges and opportunities. Navigating through this dynamic will require a pragmatic approach and, above all, a futuristic vision, ensuring that coming generations prosper in a region that values ​​and cares for both its young and its older population.

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