May 22th 2024 | 4:16

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European legality of the Amnesty Law will be supported by the opinion of the Venice Commission

Mairenis Gomez

April 18, 2024 | 3:00 p.m.

The debate on the Amnesty Law in the European Parliament focuses on the Venice Commission guidelines and their implications

This Thursday, the Commission on Civil Liberties, Justice and the Interior of the European Parliament has met for the last time before the next European elections. At this important meeting it was discussed the future of the Spanish Amnesty Law, recently approved by the Congress of Deputies. The law, which has generated a wide debate both in Spain and in Europe, seeks to exempt from criminal, administrative and accounting liability those involved in the Catalan independence process over the last twelve years.

Keys to the debate and the position of the Venice Commission

The president of the Venice Commission, Marta Cartabia, has highlighted that, according to international standards, amnesties do not contravene the separation of powers. However, he has made it clear that the Commission has no jurisdiction to rule on the constitutionality of the law. nor on its conformity with Community law, tasks that fall to national courts and the European Commission itself.

Furthermore, during the course of the meeting, several points were analyzed. Julien Mousnier, director of the European Commission for Rule of Law, Fundamental Rights and Democracy, He indicated that the opinion of the Venice Commission will be a key piece in the ongoing discussions. For his part, Cartabia's intervention focused on the main conclusions of the opinion, emphasizing that, although amnesties are acceptable at the international level, they must comply with certain principles to maintain established standards.

Possible complications and actions of the Senate

At the same time, in Spain, the processing of the Amnesty Law faces challenges. The president of the Senate, Pedro Rollán, has declared that the Upper House will insist that it be the Plenary Session of Congress, and not just its Table, who decides on the continuity of the law. This decision comes after Congress rejected a first request from the Senate, based on legal reports that describe the law as a possible "covert constitutional reform."

This Thursday, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament met

Impact of the Amnesty Law on the political and legal future of Spain

Without a doubt, the legislative process of the Amnesty Law has not yet concluded, and its content continues to be the subject of debate both in Spain and in Europe. lThe final approval of the law could have profound implications for the political and legal future of the country, as well as for its relationship with the European Union.

In this context, the position that Brussels adopts after the conclusion of the discussions will be crucial in determining the way forward. Thus, as the European Parliament prepares for its final plenary session in Strasbourg and the imminent elections, The citizens of Bilbao and all of Bizkaia are closely following the developments of regulations that could redefine many aspects of the political and social life of Spain.

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