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The rise in respiratory infections worries before the arrival of Christmas

The rise in respiratory infections worries before the arrival of Christmas

Jeickson Sulbaran

December 24, 2023 | 9:00 a.m.

As we approach the Christmas festivities, Spain faces a worrying increase in respiratory infections, particularly the flu. According to the latest reports from Acute Respiratory Infection Surveillance System (SIVIRA) of the Carlos III Health Institute, incidence of diseases such as flu, COVID-19 and bronchiolitis in children has registered a notable increase. The figure has risen from 523 cases per 100.000 inhabitants to almost 800, with a significant increase in hospitalizations, especially in older people and children under 5 years of age.

This increase in respiratory infections Not only does it represent a challenge for the health system, but it also generates concern among the population on the eve of a season when family and social gatherings traditionally increase.

Details and key figures of respiratory infections in Spain

The report highlights a growth in the positivity of flu and COVID-19 tests performed in primary care and hospitals. For the flu, the type A is present in 98,2% of cases, showing an increase in all age groups. Hospitalizations due to flu have risen to 2,9 cases per 100.000 inhabitants, mainly affecting those over 80 years of age.

As to COVID-19, an increase in cases is observed, especially in children under one year old, a group that has not been exposed to previous waves of the virus. COVID hospitalizations have also increased, with a greater impact on those over 80 years of age.

Furthermore, cases of bronchiolitis caused by the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) are increasing, although they show a tendency towards stabilization in younger children. The incidence in children under one year of age is particularly high, exceeding 100 cases per 100.000 children in this age group.

Impact of vaccination and preventive measures

The introduction of new intranasal vaccine against RSV, which began its campaign in September, has had a positive impact. In some communities, the inoculation rate in minors has reached 90%, contributing to the stabilization of bronchiolitis and reducing the severity of cases.

These data underline the importance of preventive measures, such as vaccination and constant surveillance, to control the progression of these respiratory infections. It is crucial that the population continue to maintain precautions, especially at a time of year characterized by family gatherings and social events.

El increase in respiratory infections in Spain just before Christmas It is a situation that requires attention and response from health authorities and the population in general. Surveillance, along with prevention and control measures, will be key to avoiding a greater impact of these diseases during the holidays.

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