July 19, 2024 | 10:39


UN Security Council approves resolution for ceasefire between Israel and Hamas

Jesus Carames

June 10, 2024 | 10:14 pm

Ceasefire proposal promoted by the United States

The United Nations Security Council on Monday approved a resolution drafted by the United States that supports a proposal by President Joe Biden for a ceasefire between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Of the 15 council members, 14 voted in favor, while Russia abstained.

The resolution welcomes new ceasefire proposal, which Israel accepted, and asks Hamas to also accept it. Furthermore, it urges both parties to fully implement its terms without delay and without conditions. The US ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, told the council before the vote: "We are waiting for Hamas to accept the ceasefire agreement that it says it wants. With each passing day, unnecessary suffering continues. "Palestinian civilians are living hell through no fault of their own."

Details of the resolution and context of the negotiations

The resolution details that "if negotiations last more than six weeks for phase one, the ceasefire will continue as long as negotiations continue." In March, the council demanded a Immediate ceasefire and unconditional release of all hostages held by Hamas.

For months, negotiators from the United States, Egypt and Qatar have been trying to mediate a ceasefire. Hamas has expressed its desire for a permanent end to the war in the Gaza Strip and Israeli withdrawal from the enclave of 2,3 million people.

The final text of the resolution includes an unequivocal "rejection of any attempt at territorial or demographic modification in Gaza, including any action to reduce the territory", a message aimed at the hardline wing of the Israeli government and that could gain support among Arab countries. In its last paragraph, it reiterates "the importance of unifying Gaza and the West Bank under the Palestinian Authority", which implies leaving out Hamas, one of the most controversial points given the unpopularity of the PA among the Palestinians of Gaza.

It remains to be seen what the position of the fifteen members of the Council, who in the past have criticized US resolutions for being unbalanced and for not including explicit calls for a ceasefire, will be. For a resolution to pass in the Security Council, it must garner the support of at least 9 of its 15 members, and none of the permanent members must veto it.

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