July 25, 2024 | 3:40

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PP and PSOE hid the nationality of criminals in the media since 2003

Mairenis Gomez

June 20, 2024 | 9:30 a.m.

In 2003, the PP and the PSOE signed an agreement to prevent the media in Spain from revealing the nationality of criminals.

In 2003, the PP and the PSOE They signed an agreement to prevent the media from revealing the nationality of the criminals. This pact, which was initially applied to RTVE, was later extended to private media. The goal was to eliminate any reference to ethnicity, skin color, country of origin, religion or culture in news from tragic events.

The initial strategy and its implementation in public media

On October 1, 2003, a document was signed that established guidelines on the informative treatment of immigration in the audiovisual media. This document was designed to be a guide for all media, public and private, dependent on public subsidies.. The main doctrine of this pact was to avoid mention of ethnic group, skin color, country of origin, religion or culture in news of crimes or tragic events.

Years later, with José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero in the Government, a guide was formalized that urged all the media and State security forces to follow these guidelines.. This guide also criticized the use of the masculine gender as the norm to refer to mixed groups, arguing that it made women invisible. In addition, the dissemination of information on migration and its context was promoted, contributing to the climate of social dialogue.

Recommendations to security forces and private media

The recommendations included rejecting generalizations and avoiding singling out minority groups. The media had to address immigration as an issue, not as a problem, assuming the normality of the international movement of people. The pact between PP and PSOE was explicit in avoiding the association between immigration and violence, conflict, marginality, disorder or crime. The utilitarian treatment of immigration to fill jobs due to low birth rates was also avoided.

In addition, the guide introduced practical cases to emphasize which words and expressions should be used to avoid generating rejection of certain ideas, thus seeking to influence public perception. For example, any association of immigration with crime was prohibited and the principle of presumption of innocence was promoted.. It was recommended to use more neutral terms such as "displaced" or "passengers" instead of "avalanche" or "assault."

PP and PSOE hid the nationality of criminals in the media since 2003

The involvement of the main general media

Even This macro agreement was supported by the country's main general media, including communication agencies such as Europa Press, EFE and Servimedia. This alliance sought to standardize the news treatment of immigration, reducing any type of stigmatization or discrimination in the news.

Ultimately, The concealment of the nationality of criminals in the media in Spain was the result of a strategic agreement between PP and PSOE, implemented through guides and recommendations for both public and private media. This agreement has had a significant impact on the way immigration and crime are reported in the country, promoting a more inclusive and less stigmatizing vision.

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