July 21, 2024 | 11:44

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The new right, the invented term that now defines fascism

Mairenis Gomez

June 10, 2024 | 7:00 pm

Marine Le Pen and the rise of the far right in France and Europe

For years, The far right has gained ground in Europe, and one of the most popular names is Marine Le Pen. His party, the National Rally, has achieved overwhelming success in France, especially in the European elections. This victory is not only a reflection of his leadership, but also of the deep dissatisfaction of the French people with Emmanuel Macron's government. Le Pen's strategy has been clear, capitalize on discontent and use French nationalism to oppose Brussels' decisions. However, this boom is not isolated; he roots himself in a broader, older movement, the New Right.

The origin and evolution of the New Right in Europe

Born in France in the late 1960s, the New Right emerged as a response to the decomposition of the far right after the Second World War. Inspired by May '68, this current sought to revive conservatism through the appropriation of the language and struggles of the left. This hybrid and groundbreaking approach, led by Alain de Benoist, challenged the basic principles of Western society, including egalitarianism and human rights. De Benoist promoted cultural activism instead of political militancy, laying the foundations for what we know today as the "cultural battle."

Furthermore, the New Right has been an innovative laboratory of ideas for the global far-right. If today the far-right parties present themselves as rebels against the "dictatorship of the single thought", This notion was already present in De Benoist's writings in the seventies. His influence is evident in the current division of the far right in the European Parliament, where, despite their differences, all these parties share the same cultural agenda.

The appropriation of leftist thought by the New Right

The context of the emergence of the New Right is crucial to understanding its impact. Around 1968, conservatism felt cornered by the social and student movement of a Marxist and libertarian nature. It was in this environment that Alain de Benoist and his followers adopted a Freudian tactic, killing the father, that is, destroying the old conservatism to be reborn with a new identity. They adopted and adapted concepts from the left, creating a conservative and illiberal discourse that was extremely effective.

Today, we see how the New Right has shaped far-right movements across Europe. From Madrid to Budapest, passing through Paris, these groups have known how to use the "cultural battle" to gain ground. Le Pen is not alone; Her success is part of an international trend that uses popular discontent and resistance to change as political weapons.

The current impact of the New Right on European politics

The success of the New Right is not limited to theory; Its impact is palpable in current European politics. Far-right parties have managed to influence the political agenda, promoting laws and policies that reflect their conservative ideals. In France, Le Pen's National Rally has been key in this process, but it is not an isolated case. Other leaders and parties in Europe follow similar strategies, based on the principles established by the New Right.

Marine Le Pen and the rise of the far right in France and Europe

The persistent cultural battle and the lasting impact of the New Right in Europe

The cultural battle that began in the sixties is still valid today. Far-right parties have learned to use the media and social networks to spread their message, creating an attractive discourse for broad sectors of the population. The New Right has proven to be a resilient and adaptable school of thought, capable of influencing politics and society in profound and lasting ways.

In short, the New Right has been a catalyst for the rise of the far right in Europe. Through his innovative approach and his ability to appropriate the struggles of the left, he has managed to transform the European political landscape. The influence of Marine Le Pen and other far-right leaders is a testament to the lasting power of this school of thought.

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